In the process of understanding casualty, whether it is a small cut, to major burns, you must always keep in mind that it comes from within the body out through the skin.
The aim is to make it feel and look real.
Casualty Make up is the use of colours, plastics and effect make ups to recreate anything from scrapes, burns, dirt, tiredness, illness etc.
Research of images and references is key. Always use your reference, and then make adjustments to accommodate the environment you are shooting in, lighting conditions etc.
There is a fine line between casualty and prosthetics. Casualty is definitely in the make up artists department.
- Understanding the use of light and shading
- Understanding colours
- Dirtying down
- Creating cuts and grazes
- Skin conditions
We were taught a huge variety of looks and techniques, from bruises and grazes to diseases and burns. We had great fun! The practical knowledge was also backed up with some invaluable advice.
Module Syllabus: Casualty Makeup
- Lighting and shading for swelling and broken noses, creating a sick look, sweat ( a sheen, created by using Vaseline and Glycerine) to drug addiction, alcohol abuse and a death look.
- Skin tones are very important to study and always remember dark takes back and light brings forward.
- Covering broken veins, skin tones.
- The use of tear sticks blowers and awareness of safety issues.
- Dirtying the face, hands and teeth, from weathered, and living rough on the street to working in dirty environment, such as coal mine.
- Cuts and grazes: using a wide range of red tones, depending on how deep they and how old they are.
- Bruises and black eyes
- Acne boils and cold sores to create infection and third degree dimensionusing Tuplast, gelatine and silicone.
- Tattoo covering is done by using burnt orange or orange tones and by using a skin illustrator or a supracolour, to block out a blue-black ink from the tattoo and then you can match the skin tone.
- Skin breakouts and all kinds of skin diseases.
- Spots, pit marks, measles, and chicken pox, cold sores
- Scars: covering old post operation and new scars, self-harming and whipping
- Burns: covering sunburn to third degree burns from fire and scalding water. The use of red skin tones to blistering of the skin to disfigurement of facial and bodily features. This can be achieved by using tuplast and gelatine.
- Slit wrists, slit throat, knife wounds using wax, tuplast all types of blood consistencies, (thick and thin).
Note: the above syllabus is illustrative of a typical module. It may be subject to change at any time.